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coast guard cutter spencer ww2

He was a quartermaster. Logbook of the U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Bear, 1923 (in Washington area). On 5 September, President Franklin D. Roosevelt proclaimed U.S. neutrality and ordered units of the U.S. Navy and Coast Guard to establish a “Neutrality Patrol.” Its duties included o… The seven Treasury-class Coast Guard Cutters were:[1], Displacing 2,350 tons with a 12-foot (3.7 m) draft, these ships had a maximum speed of 20 knots (37 km/h). (Later the CG came under Navy orders but not then.). The Spencer's sister ship, the Ingham, served as flagship for this task force - the only Coast Guard vessel that participated. Parachuting out of bomber shot down over France, An English girl’s love letter for the Gestapo. Stanton, J.L. They were wonderful hosts, and Dieter told many stories of that day and was grateful for the rescue. I also served briefly in the Half Moon, having been loaned to her TDY for her Gitmo trip in January 1966 because she was very short of officers after some transfers and an illness and an accident. (US Navy Destroyer Escorts had a kill rate of 0.1) Treasury-class cutters served as leaders of Mid-Ocean Escort Force group A3 during the winter of 1942–43. … also with some stories from 1945 (75 years ago) until September …. [1] The Treasury-class cutters proved highly adaptable, dependable, versatile and long-lived warships. 17 Apr 1943: [Photo] US Coast Guard Cutter Spencer attacking U-175 with depth charges http://ww2db.com/image.php?image_id=2257 A truly awesome expierence. On the 17th SS Fort Rampart was reported torpedoed and Spencer screened the Canadian escort during rescue operations. The class were called the "Treasury class" because they were each named for former Secretaries of the Treasury. I was told this honor goes to the oldest Commissioned ship in the area; the Taney served from 1936 until 1986. US Coast Guard Cutter Spencer of the United States Coast Guard during parade of ships at Fleet Week. January 29, 1942, Shortly after dropping the tow of a disabled merchant ship, USCGC Alexander Hamilton was torpedoed on the starboard side by the German submarine U-132, which had been patrolling the Icelandic coast near Reykjavík.… The 327 foot cutters were converted to amphibious force flagships in 1944-45 and Coast Guard personnel manned nearly 500 troop transports, LSTs, and smaller ships. The Treasury-class cutters proved highly adaptable, dependable, versatile and long-lived warships. The crew of the submarine was observed to be abandoning ship via the conning tower. An Executive Order placed the Coast Guard under the Navy effective 1 November 1941 and Spencer reported for duty with the Destroyer Force, Atlantic Fleet, on 9 January 1942. My brother never wanted to go on a cruiseship after spending a full three years on air sea rescue in the Atlantic. ww2dbase Coast Guard cutters began adding their approved war-time armament in 1940 and in October Spencer went to the Bethlehem Steel Corporation in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania for the upgrade. I was about 10 years old at the time and remember picking him up at 1 AM in Bayonne New Jersey. The Coast Guard supported both combat and traditional service missions, including search and rescue, marine safety, convoy escort duty, troop transport and amphibious operations, port security, and beach patrol. My uncle had shown me many years ago the same photo in an old family photo album with an arrow pointing him out. [22] Bibb and Duane were sunk as artificial reefs off the coast of Florida in 1987. When I was on the Half Moon ( WHEC 378 ) we tied up across from the Spencer. The ships were originally built with two open centerline 5"/51 caliber gun mounts forward, and carried either a single Grumman JF-2 Duck or Curtiss SOC-4 aft. Taney also has the distinction of being one of only two military vessels still afloat that was present during the Pearl Harbor attack, 7 December 1941. [3][11] Postwar armament typically included hedgehog and an enclosed 5"/38 caliber gun mount forward and Mark 32 anti-submarine warfare torpedo tubes aft. Records (in Seattle) of the Marine Safety Office, Portland,OR, consisting of Merchant Marine Log Books, 1959, 1962. I am told my Grandfather is one of the three sailors wearing an officers combination cover standing on the fantail of the Spencer of the historical photo with the deapthcharge bloom in the background. It is sorted by length down to 65', the minimum length of a USCG cutter. US Coast Guard-manned ammunition ship USS Serpens, blew up off Guadalcanal January 29, 1945 - the greatest single loss of life in the USCG in WW2 (NHHC, click to enlarge) During the Battle of Atlantic she acted as a convoy escort, hunting German U-boats, and was responsible for sinking U-175in 1943. The cutter's orders required her to identify foreign warships, to be on the lookout for unneutral activities, and to report anything of an unusual nature. His ship, the Coast Guard Combat Cutter SPENCER, contacted a U-Boat, forced it to the surface with depth charges, then shelled it with her deck guns. I wonder when the captions were written: they mostly speak of Nazis instead of German seaman. She was a naphtha tanker which had been in a collision in Kill Van Kull, and then blew up again in Gravesend Bay when they were trying to unload the remaining naphtha. The last of the Secretary class cutters is moored in Baltimore. He also saw the Spencer undergoing engine replacement due to its hard charging actions in defense of the convoys a complex process involving the detachment of the aft deck in order to remove and replace burned out engines. The United States Coast Guard Cutter Taney was called the Queen of the Pacific while serving as the unofficial flagship of the Coast Guard's Pacific Area commander in the late 1960s and early 1970s. My father served on the Spencer. Other Resources: US Coast Guard Home Page. She then underwent a reconversion back to her peacetime configuration, including the removal of the majority of her armament. In the words of naval historian John M. Waters, Jr., they were truly their nation's "maritime workhorses. Does anyone know what issue of Life Magazine this appeared in? At 1050 she had a sound contact and dropped 11 charges and on reestablishing it dropped 11 more. "She's Ready to Fight Again." These ships were also collectively known as the "327's" as they were all 327 feet (100 m) in length. They joined next day as did another Canadian escort. As a torpedoed merchant ship goes down in February 1943, the U.S. Coast Guard cutter Spencer searches for the attacking U-boat. Roles of the 327s included serving as amphibious task force flagships in World War II, pilot search and rescue (SAR) during the Korean War, and a critical component of Operation Market Time during the Vietnam War. [21] The six surviving cutters were converted to amphibious force flagships towards the end of World War II. The submarine boarding party returned at 1255, having boarded the submarine momentarily prior to it sinking. Spencer was sold 8 October 1981 for scrap. The “Treasury” class Coast Guard cutters (sometimes referred to as the “Secretary” or 327-foot class) were all named for former secretaries of the Treasury Department. A look back at Coast Guard participation in the Battle of the Atlantic, with a short excursion into the Mediterranean. This standardization would save money—always paramount in the Coast Guard's mind, as the cutters were built in U.S. Navy shipbuilding yards. The after davit of Spencer’s No. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The final 327-foot (100 m) design was based on the Erie-class US Navy gunboats; the machinery plant and hull below the waterline were identical. Hope this story adds to the lore of the USCGC Spencer. Twenty five of Spencer’s men were injured, one dying of his wounds [RM 3/c Julius Petrella]. On the way from New York to Gitmo, we got stuck in a storm off Hatteras and actually hove to to avoid damage on our way to training. [13] With a kill rate of 0.57 per ship, the Treasury class were the most successful anti-submarine warships. The Spencer and five of her 327-foot Secretary-class sisters helped keep the supply lifeline between North America and Britain open during the Battle of the Atlantic. Most served the United States for over 40 years, includi… At 1138 a submarine [U-175] surfaced to conning tower depth at 2,500 yards, drawing slowly right, still underway but apparently damaged. One time he told me when leaving the pier from Bayonne, the ship was not properly untied and pulled the dock down as it left, causing a band playing on the pier to end up in the river. In an instant it had disappeared. The cutter was operating under a defensive treaty with Greenland and moved to investigate a tip that a suspicious landing party was operating in a nearby fjord. From the United States Coast Guard – History of the Cutter USCGC Spencer. At 1140 Spencer commenced firing all guns and observed many hits on the conning tower and at its base. He was the last of the U-175 survivors. The US Coast Guard was formed (as the Revenue Cutter Service) on 4 August 1790. The Mission Effectiveness Project is a fleet-wide initiative to ensure the operational reliability of the Coast Guard’s 13 270-foot Famous Class cutters remains viable until replacement by the Offshore Patrol Cutter. Spencer returned to her homeport in Boston to prepare for a crew-swap with her sister ship, the Coast Guard Cutter Escanaba. On Sep. 12, 1941, nearly three months before the Pearl Harbor attack, the crew of Coast Guard cutter Northland conducted the first U.S. raid of the war. I got to board the ship once in New Jersey, and as a 10 year old it was very exciting. 585 likes. A historical document that may be getting donated to the museum in New Orleans. These ships were also collectively known as the "327's" as they were all 327 feet (100 m) in length. The Life magazine article was in the June 7, 1943 issue. [14], Bibb and Ingham participated in the battles of Convoy SC 118 and Convoy SC 121.[20]. The Treasury-class cutter was a group of seven high endurance cutters launched by the United States Coast Guard between 1936 and 1937. Required fields are marked *. 1975 Coast Guard 41 UTB Fresh Water! She finished the war in the Pacific. He would tell us about how Canadian lobstermen would deliberately leave port with only enough fuel for half way on their trip, and would then radio the Coast Guard to have the Spencer tow them back to port to save on fuel expenses. Dad also told me that the Spencer and the Tourmaline almost collided in heavy seas during one convoy mission. The Treasury-class cutter was a group of seven high endurance cutters launched by the United States Coast Guard between 1936 and 1937. On the 16th Spencer dropped depth charge and delivered a mousetrap attack on a sound contact, firing eight more rounds of mousetrap ammunition on another contact an hour later. With the exception of Hamilton, which was torpedoed and sunk 10 miles (16 km) off Iceland 29 January 1942, all of the Treasury-class ships led very long lives. My Dad’s ship, PY20, the USS Tourmaline, saw the Spencer in action while conducting convoy assembly escort duty along the east coast of the US during the height of the submarine attacks in 1942 & 1943 before being transferred to the Pacific Theater. Coast Guard Cutters such as this did splendid service in the submarine infested sealanes. Most served the United States for over 40 years, including with distinction and heroism through World War II, Korea, and Vietnam. Your email address will not be published. Very good read. My dad, fluent in German, was told to get the prisoner’s names and ranks. The 327s were designed to meet changing missions of the service as it emerged from the Prohibition era. "Semper Paratus, a Coast Guard Officer Explains Many Details of the Landing at Tarawa That Have Hitherto Been Undisclosed." The class were called the "Treasury class" because they were each named for former Secretaries of the Treasury. The convoy proceeded due east to avoid submarines reported south of Greenland and Iceland. At 0646 she established a contact and dropped a pattern of 10 charges and half an hour later fired mousetraps on another contact. He told me that the Navy boys were jealous of the Coast Guard ship because the Navy ships had been ordered to remain on the periphery of the convoys proceeding north up the coast while the Coast Guard was free to engage anywhere they saw the enemy subs. Built for only $2.5 million each, in terms of cost effectiveness we may never see the likes of these cutters again."[2]. She was one of the seaplane tenders the Coast Guard took over after the war. • Reputation Trusted by 1,000,000 Military Veteran Shoppers since 2000. Dieter passed away in December 2014. My father served on Duane and is pictured helping U-175 survivor Dieter Wolf across the deck in one photo not shown in this link. At 1138 a submarine [U-175] surfaced to conning tower depth at 2,500 yards, drawing slowly right, still underway but apparently damaged. The History of the USS Spencer CGC-W36, 1937-'74. The crew on the Spencer would be eating lobster for three or four days straight. *Coast Guard Cutter Spencer is scheduled to shift homeports to Portsmouth, VA in 2021* Commanding Officer, CDR Thomas C. Rodzewicz Executive Officer, LCDR Nolan J. Cuevas At 1215 Spencer lowered her No. After I left the Spencer they painted her gray and sent her off to Vietnam. Coast Guard Cutter Duane WPG-33 The Duane was stationed at Bizerte until June, 1945, when she departed for Charleston, via Bermuda, arriving there on 10 July 1945. Spencer saw service in the Pacific War. Taney served in the Pacific and was uniquely armed with four enclosed 5"/38 gun mounts in centerline positions where the Erie-class gunboats mounted 6"/47 guns. Spencer served the Coast Guard and this country for 37 years, participating in numerous engagements and battles and becoming the Coast Guard's most decorated unit afloat, receiving 14 battle ribbons, including the … While there he look up to see the bow of the Spencer looming over him on the crest of a wave. When the United States entered World War II the Coast Guard temporarily became part of the United States Navy. Very little in the way of boasting. At one point we literally were forced to tack in order to change course. At 1145 Spencer ceased firing and maneuvered in the vicinity of the disabled submarine. Shop for coast guard cutter art prints from our community of independent artists and iconic brands. • 365-Day Full Refund Policy 100% Satisfaction or you'll get a full refund. His inflatable life vest was not working well as it had been punctured by shrapnel, and he almost didn’t make it. "Most recently, these ships-that-wouldn't-die have done duty in fisheries patrol and drug interdiction. 2 boat with a submarine boarding party. We also spent July 4th weekend in 1966 escorting the tugs towing the SS Alva Cape out past the 1000 fathom curve off New Jersey and sinking her with gunfire. Commander Harold S. Berdine of the Coast Guard, commanding officer of the cutter, reads the ceremony, as Captain Paul R. Heineman, right center foreground, commodore of the convoy, and all crew stand at attention. Written at the top is “22 German prisoners”. She’s the Taney and is wonderfully preserved. They were never meant for the North Atlantic, but we used them on ocean stations for years. The List of United States Coast Guard Cutters is a listing of all cutters to have been commissioned by the United States Coast Guard during the history of that service. We were relieved at the end of our Vietnam deployment by the Duane. They were built to run from Atoll lagoon to atoll lagoon in the South Pacific, preferably on a nice day. Photo about safety, target, cutter, force, fear, protection, trigger - 54424096 The Posse Comitatus law of 1878 restricts use of the American military in law… Commencing in the late 1970s the Treasury-class cutters were gradually replaced or their duties taken over by larger modern Hamilton-class 378-foot (115 m) high endurance cutters. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Although I never knew him, I have been told by my father and his siblings that my Grandfather Aubrey Rogers was the gunnery officer aboard the CGC Spencer during the sinking of this U-boat. On 3 September 1939, two days after the German invasion of Poland, France and Great Britain declared war on Germany. Commissioned in 1937, she was first used as a search and rescue unit off Alaska's fishing grounds. Because the air passenger trade was expanding both at home and overseas, the Coast Guard believed that cutter-based aircraft would be essential for future high-seas search and rescue. I’ve tried finding a list of crew names who served on the Spencer during the time in question but no luck. Historian's Office; US Coast Guard at War. There was so much windage aft that we could not gybe, or bring the stern across the wind. We went immediately to refresher training at Gitmo, and did several Ocean Stations in my time. Coast Guard Magazine (Apr 1944), pp. Three Germans were observed to be dead in the conning tower. Your email address will not be published. I always thought it exciting for the CG ship to have actually sank a Nazi submarine. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, List of cutters of the United States Coast Guard, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Treasury-class_cutter&oldid=995209785, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 12,300 nautical miles (22,780 km; 14,155 mi) at 11 knots (20.4 km/h; 12.7 mph), This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 20:40. Coast Guard Cutters & Craft At the time a part of the US Treasury Department, the US Coast Guard operates as a part of the US Navy during time of war. These made them ride even worse. Since the outbreak of war had stopped the normal flow of weather radio reports from merchant ships, the Coast Guard established ship-based ocean weather stations in February 1940. My dad didn’t speak much about his time on the Spencer and the only combat experience he ever mention was a kamikaze attack. 54-55. Coast Guard units served with distinction in missions supporting the war effort even before formal U.S. entry into World War II. Taney is currently a museum ship at the Baltimore Maritime Museum, in Baltimore, Maryland, and Ingham is part of the Key West Maritime Museum in Key West, Florida. At 1117 she regained it and fired mousetraps. Learn how your comment data is processed. One straggler was reported. Radio Call Sign: NRDB Cost: $2,468,460.00 Keel Laid: 15 August 1935 Launched: 14 January 1937 Commissioned: 10 March 1937 Decommissioned: 30 September 1985 On the 13th one escort was 25 miles to the north with four stragglers. Nov 3, 2014 - USS Spencer, CG (WPG-36); "END OF A VOYAGE: Safe in a United Nations port, after shepherding a convoy across the Atlantic during the War, the U.S. Coast Guard cutter SPENCER lies peacefully at anchor against the hour when it would have to begin the return trip. (The WWII-veteran USCGC Cherokee on a 1980s narcotics patrol.) After the war, the Coast Guard added a huge tripod radar mast aft, and a two story balloon shelter. - Wisconsin & MichiganThis aluminum-hulled 41-foot utility boat, built at the Coast Guard Yard in Curtis, Maryland, combine speed and maneuverability to carry out a variety of missions.The 41 foot utility boat has two sleeping berths, a chemical head and a … [12], The 327s were also known for their high "Kill Rate" during World War II. In mid 1943 three of the new 180 foot Buoy tenders arrived. My wife and I visited Dieter and his wife in Germany in 2012. Coast Guard Magazine (Jun 1944), pp. By doing so, the U.S. Coast Guard proved itself Semper Paratus-"Always Ready"-to perform any maritime missions required by the war effort. They just did what they thought was their duty. Thirty-two preliminary designs based upon the Erie class were drawn up before one was finally selected. US Coast Guard Cutter Spencer Assoc. At 1238 Spencer began picking up survivors alongside. The Duane, in the immediate vicinity, assisted, firing all batteries, while merchant vessels in rear columns of the convoy opened fire on the submarine, some projectiles passing it and landing close to and on Spencer. Customize your coast guard cutter print with hundreds of different frames and mats, if desired. 17th April 1943: USCGC Spencer’s mid Atlantic attack on U-175. The Spencer had another sub kill taken away, and may have had a third but were unable to confirm the kill. On 11 April 1943, Spencer departed St. John’s in company with Task Unit 24.1.3 consisting, in addition, of Duane, two British and two Canadian escorts, and rendezvoused with the 56-ship east-bound convoy HX-233, relieving the local escort on the 12th. At 1140 Spencer commenced firing all guns and observed many hits on the conning tower and at its base. 1 boat had been damaged by a projectile and the superstructure had been damaged by shrapnel–all of the damage was caused by friendly fire as the gunners on board many of the nearby merchant ships failed to clear Spencer while firing at the surfaced U-boat. Welcome Aboard the USCGC SPENCER (WMEC 905) The Coast Guard Base is located at the intersection of Hanover and Commercial St. Best time to contact your sponsor will vary depending on Spencer's in port time, However, when in port, Spencer's crew can best be contacted between the hours of 0700 and 1300, Mon-Thurs. I still have great memories of good times in the Spencer. Each coast guard cutter art print is produced using archival inks, ships within 48 hours, and comes with a 30-day money back guarantee! This Association was founded by 24 WWII Veterans who served aboard USCG Cutter Spencer 36. That was typical of his amazing generation. U.S. Revenue Cutter Service Petty Officer Ratings 1908 - 1915 & U.S. Coast Guard Enlisted & Warrant Officer Rating Badges and Specialty Marks 1915 - 2007 U.S. Revenue Cutter Service A. The Treasury class were an attempt to develop a 20-knot (37 km/h) cutter capable of carrying an airplane in a hangar. Petty Officer of the First Class : Worn on the left or right sleeve of the blue … Logbooks (in Atlanta) of the U.S. Coast Guard Cutters Mendota, 1972-73, and Winnebago, 1972-73. I believe I have the actual list “original” of the 22 Germans placed on the Duane. Commander (Constructor) F. G. Hunnewell, USCG, was the head of the Construction and Repair Department at that time. The ship was lightly armed, had sonar, a hull strengthened for ice operations and carried an aircraft. The 327s battled through the 'Bloody Winter' of 1942–43 in the North Atlantic," with the ships heroically fighting off and destroying German U-boats, and rescuing survivors from torpedoed convoy ships. At 1220 the sub began sinking and sank stern first at 1227. We just got set down sideways to leeward. He had volunteered to make his way in the heavy seas to the aft depth charge racks to tighten them down their having come loose in the rough ocean at some considerable risk to his person. Dieter is shown in the picture above as the man still in the water grabbing the cargo net. Apparently he was the only witness to this event it seems and when he reported it to the captain he was not believed, a dismissal that kind of hurt the very young seaman that he was at the time. 36-37. The 230 foot Coast Guard Cutter Storis, designed to serve as a supply ship for Bluie bases, was commissioned on 30 September 1942. In addition to these major ship types, the Coast Guard maintained anti-submarine patrols of the United States coast using smaller cutters and aircraft. Various arrangements of 3"/50 and 5"/51 guns and depth charge throwers were installed aft when the planes were removed in 1940–41. The healthy sheer forward and the high slope in the deck in the wardrooms was known as the "Hunnewell Hump." Coast Guard Magazine (Jun 1945), pp. On the 15th the submarine report indicated that the convoy may have been sighted by U-boats. Campbell was sunk by the US Navy in a training excercise on 29 November 1984. One German officer and 18 men were rescued by Spencer and 22 by Duane. I think it was to Argentia, Newfoundland. We had to turn the other way, heading up into the wind and then falling off the other side to make our turn. The U.S.S. (A demilitarized WWII-veteran C-46 Commando which crashed while in use as a smuggling plane during the 1980s.) "Service Notes: Cutter Spencer." I reported to the Spencer straight out of OCS in January 1965 and served in her until October 1966. Another reason the Navy were jealous of her is that she was a tremendous seaboat, and a much more comfortable ride than anything near her size the navy owned. The crew of the submarine was observed to be abandoning ship via the conning tower. Following in my Grandfather’s footsteps, I too joined the U.S. Coast Guard and retired several years ago after a seccessful career. My older brother Herbert Adler served on the Spencer from about 1951 to 1954 in the engine room. Also, during the mid-1930s, narcotics smuggling, mostly opium, was on the increase, and long-legged, fairly fast cutters were needed to curtail it. • Unbeatable Prices Save up … 18-20, 22-26. The Coast Guard cutters and Coast Guard-manned ships participated in nearly all amphibious actions in the Philippine Islands and suffered through the kamikaze attacks with the rest of the fleet. They had crews of between 120 and 230 depending on whether they were serving in peace or wartime. Campbell demonstrated Treasury-class anti-submarine warfare suitability escorting convoy HX 159 in November 1941. Subsequent contacts were non-sub or lost and Spencer rejoined the convoy.

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